Taking a look at Heritage and Authenticity, What does it mean? How does it relate to making of a place? And why buildings are preserved and the means by doing this. When looking at heritage, it is really based on a interpretation and rarely based on history. Heritage may or may not be factual, as a family story passed down from generation to generation may be considered as heritage to that family and not anyone else which brings up the point that heritage is based on interpretation. The value that it has to someone or a group of persons. Ideas of heritage and authenticity goes pass reparation and reconstruction and can merely be of a recreation if we want to relate it to Making of Place. This intent to give persons a look at what somewhere would have looked like if they were there.
To look back at what Heritage is, it can refer to historical events or stories that have a special meaning to a group of persons but with this topic, it is really based on interpretation which several persons can have on what can be considered heritage and what should have the title of being heritage and to be treated as such.
There has been organizations such as ICOMOS (International Council on Monuments and Sites) with goals of preserving, repairing and restoring heritage such as historical sites, monuments and setting guidelines by which this should be done to preserve the site and creating criteria by which a site or monument may be considered a piece of important heritage and gain protection from destruction or vandalism by them.
And many sites that has buildings or monuments, organizations hopes to embrace the architectural style of a civilization and also the rural setting which it is in. The also goes for artwork and craftworks.
Ways of doing these kinds of work is by restoration and conservation through application of scientific methods. Restoration to bring out details out so it can observe and properly studied and conservation by which seals, and braces and different methods is used to keep the item from further deterioration and destruction.
What these organization believe in and are trying to achieve by the conservation of heritage strictly education. They believe that the knowledge and understanding of the origins and development of human societies is of fundamental importance to humanity in identifying its cultural and social roots. Most of sites, monuments, artwork, craftwork are mostly found by archaeologist and are the professionals that are really interested in heritage and these pieces of history.
Some items may not necessarily be greatly historic but might be essential to a diverse portfolio of historical heritage such as The Schroder House designed by Gerrit Rietreld which is considered to be a manifesto and expression of human creative genius in its purity of ideas.
And others such as The Mostar Bridge which symbolises power in its great construction and even paintings such as Abtei im Eichwald/Abbey in the Oak Wood by Casper David Freidrick 1774-1840 which depicts images of the Germanic landscape even before Germany became Germany.
As much as Heritage has not to do with history, a lot of it is historic in a sense of time, in the sense of the events that surrounds the heritage site, monument or object. It is more than important that heritage is maintained in a civilization as it gives it character, diversity, knowledge and better understanding, backbone for new ideas and as Venice Charter says in 1964 “It is the common responsibility to safeguard them for future generations and to hand them over in their full richness of their authenticity.
• ICOMOS, “International Charters for Conservation and Restoration”, Online, www.international.icomos.org, France
• Mike Devereux and David Littlefield, (February ,2016), “Heritage”, Making of Place Lecture, University of the West of England, Bristol