Important Building Regulations to Follow in the UK

Building Regulations

 

Part A_STRUCTURE

This section of the building regulations gives guidance on concrete foundations, masonry walls. To be simple it is for guidance in regards to Loading and Ground movement.

Part B_FIRE SAFETY

This section of the building regulations is meant for the incorporation and provision for fire safety within dwellings, flats, schools, residential homes and offices.

There must be a means of escape if there is a fire. When designing a building, the architect must incorporate a route towards a fire escape in the building encase of a fire and that route must not pose any risk to the individuals.

The architect also has to consider the placement of fire detection and fire alarm systems. The alarm system must be placed in such places where occupants can be notified at all times of evacuation because of a fire.

The architect must take into account the building’s structural integrity. Its stability must be maintained for a reasonable amount of time encase of a fire, to allow for evacuation of occupants. This would mean to use materials that are strong enough to handle a fire structurally such as steel and concrete and even a step further would be to coat these structural members in a fireproof coating for a stronger resistance to the fire.

A architect must also take into considerations ways of stopping a fire from spreading to other parts and sections of a building to reduce the fire from becoming larger. In this case, compartment walls and floors should be used, and these walls and floors should have fireproofing elements which acts as a barrier between the area that’s on fire and the area that’s not.

Another consideration is concealed spaces/cavities. This would act almost as a barrier. It would be a cavity barrier to restrict the spread of smoke and flames through cavities.

Part C_SITE PREPARATIONS AND RESISTANCE TO CONTAMINATES AND MOISTURE

This sections deals with the proper clearance and treatment of unsuitable materials on site, and sub-soil drainage. Contains information on resistances to moisture of floors, walls and roof.

Part D_TOXIC SUBSTANCE

This section is about toxic substances in regards to the use of insulating materials in the walls and ways of preventing it from entering the building.

Part E_RESISTANCE TO SOUND

This section of the document covers method of using sound insulation within a building.

Part F_VENTILATION

This section covers  ventilation types such as passive stack, mechanical, background and purge for new dwellings, new dwellings other than existing buildings.

Part G_SANITATION, HOT WATER SAFETY AND WATER EFFICIENCY

This section covers  ventilation types such as passive stack, mechanical, background and purge for new dwellings, new dwellings other than existing buildings.

Part H_DRAINAGE AND WASTE DISPOSAL

This section covers details of waste water drainage both above and below ground and protection of pipes. Manholes and inspection chambers.

Part J_COMBUSTION APPLICANCES AND FUEL STORAGE SYSTEMS

This part of the regulations cover air supply, protection of the building from fuel and oil appliances and provision for fire places and chimneys.

Part K_PROTECTION FROM FALLING, COLLISON AND IMPACT

This section covers provision for staircases, ramps, guarding and vehicle barriers around all types of buildings to prevent falling, collisions and impact.

It focuses on provisions that protect occupants from falling, collisions and impact through design standards for staircases, ladders, ramps, guarding and vehicle barriers in and around all types of buildings.

Staircases must have a minimum rise of 150mm and minimum going of 250. The steps must have level treads. The landing of the staircase must be width of the stair case, example if the staircase width is 1200mm then the landing must be minimum 1200mm x 1200mm. There must be at least 2m head space between landings, and the ceiling height.

A staircase must not have more than 36 risers in a consecutive flight.

There must be provisions for railings. If the staircase is more than 2m wide there must be a division which be by railings.

Ramps must have a minimum width between walls, upstand or kerbs of 1500mm. Ramps must stay clear of permanent obstruction.

In a building that may be used by children under five years if age during normal use, a guarding should be constructed and must ensure that a 100mm sphere cannot pass through any opening of the guarding.

Vehicle ramps and any levels in a building where vehicles have access must have barriers to protect people from those vehicles.

Part L _CONSERVATION OF FUEL AND POWER

This section deals with energy efficient requirements for buildings.

Part L2A – Conservation of fuel and power

This part of the regulations chooses to focus on the design standards for the conservation of fuel and power in new buildings other than dwellings. This works in helping decrease a buildings carbon footprint.

The architect must find ways to limit heat gain and losses in the building through thermal elements and other parts of the building fabric. So a architect must take into consideration what is going into a wall that is to be constructed within a building so that its up to standard. This will include the type of insulation used, exterior material and internal material for the wall.

The architect must also take into consideration methods of heating and cooling a building mechanically which can be controlled manually or automatically efficiently so that more the required energy is not used.

The architect can think of natural ventilation as a way to ventilate a building and that way saves power from it having to be done mechanically.

Thermal mass in materials can also affect the conservation of fuel and power, as these will help the building use less energy when there are element in the building that can help it naturally to cool and heat it internally.

 

Part L2B – Conservation of fuel and power in existing buildings other than dwellings

This part of the regulations chooses to focus on the design standards for the conservation of fuel and power in existing buildings other than dwellings.

A way to focus on making an existing building more energy efficient would be to replace the lighting bulbs to LED or specified energy saving bulbs.

Another way, in terms of a renovation would be to create provisions for new layers of thermal element which would act as a means of repair to that layer.

Another way would be to use fixed building services as a way to heat or cool only a localised area rather than the entire enclosed volume of space.

One way can be to replace pipes, ducts and vessels used for space cooling and hot water services. Using pipes and ducts that will lose less heat while its transferring water or heat.

Part M_ACCESS TO AND USE OF BUILDINGS

This part of the regulation covers the standard which should be followed in regards to accessibility in a dwelling.

It focuses on the provision for the ease of access in and out of a building and the provision for the circulation of occupants in a building as well as provision for the ease of access to the disabled.

The regulation states that the dwelling must have provisions for an approach route that must be safe and convenient for everyone including the elderly and disabled. This may mean having ramps as well as steps along entrance and exit paths.

Provisions for communal entrances, means doors should have a minimum clear opening width of 775mm.

Also there must be provisions to get to different floors and levels of buildings. This means having passenger lifts for elderly and the disabled, which has a clear landing minimum of 1500mm long and 1500mm wide. And have a load capacity of at least 400kg.

There must be ease access to a Water Closet. There should be clear space to access the cubicle and basin must be positioned to avoid impeding access. There must also be provisions for special Water Closets for the disabled.

Part P_ELECTRICAL SAFETY,DWELLINGS

This part of the regulations give detail of provision for design, installation, inspection of electoral devices and components within a building

Part Q_SECURITY IN DWELLINGS

This part deals with the standards for doors and windows to be able to resist burglary attacks.

Part 7_MATERIAL AND WORKMANSHIP

This section deals with carrying out building work with proper equipment and materials in a workmanlike manner.

 

For more information on regulations, check out https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/approved-documents.

 

 

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