Model Settlements, this carries me back into my previous lecture in the Era of the Industrial Revolution. The Industrial Revolution took place over a long period of time starting from the mid 17th century. During this time, there was different things going on such as new inventions such as the train but with these advancement beginning to take place, there was also poor housing conditions which cause diseases and what not. In the midst of all of this, we begin to see attempt in the improvement of housing and also the construction of housing bodies for workers that were built by companies to ensure their workers would not get sick and insure productivity. These settlements were known as Garden Cities. In this introduction of Garden Cities, we began to witness the start of using a different way of planning and incorporation of some aesthetic as time progress.
One of the main reason for the designing and building of these model settlements at the time is because of urban growth. This growth caused there to be poor housing because there wasn’t enough housing for everyone that needed it and this began to create different classes in terms of social class because of these conditions.
Another is based on the living conditions at the time and need for healthy workers is one of the reason we see many factories began building model settlements such as Saltaire and Port Sunlight and Styal and New Lanark.
Some of these model settlements from the past, are towns of today which is because of the planning and thought that went into them to include shops, churches, parks, sporting areas and schools.
Early solutions of the housing problem were approached by different Building Bodies such as the Metropolitan Association in1841, The Peabody Donation Fund in 1866 and The Guiness Trust.
As Mike Devereux suggest in his article “International Interpretation of the Garden City Ideal”, to be able to design the proper and affordable Model Settlements such as Garden cities, designers and planners should take notes on strategic approaches of Similar Settlements elsewhere and then use it as a template to recreate it to suit the needs of the area and the environmental factors. From reading the article, this is what I understood it to mean.
As time progress there can be seem improvements of model settlements, most noted in the previously mentioned article, France began really taking to the concept of these Garden cities by building multiple of these dwellings as a self-sufficiency model. These Garden cities began to adhere to things that would make them attractive to persons by paying attention to architectural detail and the incorporation of a peaceful landscape aesthetic to give a sense of community.
With France setting an example of Garden Cities, we there began to be other countries trying the approach such as Germany, Czech Republic and Finland, Australia and even the United States of America.
During the late !9th century, urban planning became a major part of country development as with Garden Cities, many countries decided to use this method seeing they had more than enough space to it.
Now in the present, I see examples of Model Settlements in a lot of places. Towns which we mentioned in this reflective piece and other places such as with school campus accommodations, Gated communities such as Paradise Village Grand Marina Villas, Nuevo Vallarta, Nayarit, Mexico and Brickell Key In Miami Florida.
Even with Neighborhood City Blocks having the same design of houses in Urban Locations in the United States of America of today, they have the same design as Garden City if Letchworth.
The present day Model Settlements may not look like the ones of the past but with careful observation, you will notice the use of the same concept and will notice the similarities. The Model Settlements that were built in the past based on the ones presently built or being built is a perfect example of how the past teaches you.
• Devereux Mike, (2015), “International Interpretation of the Garden City Ideal”,Issue 134, Urban Design.