My focus on this reflective writing is Modernism. The term Modern originated from the Latin word Modemus, which was used to distinguished between the Christian present from the pagan past. But today we use it relatively different. Modernism can be seen as the last stage in history as it represents the present and current time. The Movement of Modernism was a radical break from the past and was a search for new forms of expression through different art work, designs, literature, and social awareness. If we look in books it says that Modernism began in the late 19th century and manifested in the 20th century. but I believe, it was only given mass recognition in that time frame, and when we look back to the 17th and 18th century, during the enlightenment period, and carefully analyze, we will see the new ways of thinking and doing things really began to take fold. I would say modernism reared its head pretty early then, and then in the late 18th century, during the industrial revolution, with the new inventions, new infrastructure, and introduction of economics, Modernism began to shape itself into what we know today.

Modernism was a period characterized by independence, decolonization, nation building , architectural modernization and also a period which involved the world war I. And I feel like the Modernism movement along with the industrial movement were the cause of World War I and II. This was a period where persons including different countries began to express their own opinions and with this being a time of reform, this led to disagreements which inevitably caused the wars.

The movement of the Modernism developed new designs and aesthetic principles that corresponded to the conditions that were already in place. During this time, we see change in architecture and construction, which involved new forms of design, principle

of space, efficiency of the design, the using of novelty and abstraction to compliment and create a good space for the inhabitants.

In this era, there are architects that not only design houses, buildings and cities but also design furniture such as Marcel Breuer from the Bauhaus practice who invented The Wassily Chair (The B3 Chair). And in this period, roles of architects become more dynamic and they are not limited in their design work. There design work now incorporated a type of abstract design into their houses, they got involved in the designing of vehicles as well.

Within this period we see the increased use of concrete for structural reasons such as in bridges, for example the Salginatobel Bridge in 1929. We also see the use of concrete for skyscrapers such as the Empire State Building in New York.

But within this period, we can see the influence of artwork in buildings, such as the Schroder house designed by architect Gerrit Rietreld. In this house, there is resembles of an abstract painting. The using of different forms and shape to create a house and living space. I can definitely say it changed a lot from The Industrial Revolution period where much thought was not given to the design of these house. The incorporation of art was not yet realized.

In this time, I can say I see the similarities between these periods of times, in terms of some of the methods they have incorporated into their design, and also I can see the differences in terms of the changes that took place between those periods, the new ideas and inventions and the more care for the way things are done.

• DuanFang Lu, (2010), “The Third World Modernism, Architecture, Development and identity”, Routledge, London and New York.
• “Modernism”,(2015),Encyclopædia Britannica Online, Retrieved 27 October, 2015, from

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