The Ancient City

The Ancient City

 This lesson focused on the Architecture as it relates to the Ancient World and its influence. In this reflective piece, I will discuss the symbolism and importance of the architecture of the Ancient times. The Ancient times was a time where there was mostly Greek and Roman architecture. We will discussed how Roman Empire begun to exercised their authority and began building and planning cities to show their growth and power.


It is said that an architect should be knowledgeable of many branches of studies and learning. That knowledge and expertise determines how skilled architects are in their theory and practice of their work.

Vitruvius proclaimed that to be considered an architect, one in pursuit of the trade must be educated, skilful with a pencil, instructed in geometry, knows of the history of architecture, the materials and the meaning behind the design of it, understanding music, have knowledge of medicine and be aware of the law and know of astronomy. And in the ancient times, an architect was a important person because there the ones that will design the buildings.

For Greek and Roman Architecture in the Ancient times, I think there were sort of the back bone for architecture and city planning. As Ancient Greece and Rome had one of the first planned settlements, most of the current city planning of today will show similarities to the Miletus City Grid Plan layout. We can see in most of today’s memorable buildings will use the same styles of architecture as the Greeks and Romans, for example, The Roman Columns and Greek Columns. I also believe the architecture of the Ancient times gave an opening for new architecture styles as time went by. For the Byzantine, where they focus on building domes such as for the Hagia Sophia Istanbul, that was of a Greek design. It was in those Ancient times that they really begun to understand the construction the Domes. As for materials we used today such as bricks and concrete and marbles and tiles which were used by Romans a lot, so I feel like they provided the knowledge and expertise on how to use these materials for constructing better and bigger buildings.

So I can say that most of the structures we see today were based off the principle and understanding of construction of the Ancient World from the Greek and Romans


Miletus was considered one of the Greeks Greatest and Wealthiest City in Greece. Miletus is the birth place of Hagia Sophia’s architects, Tralles and Isidores of Miletus. One of the first planned settlements by Hipodamus which can be seen on a site map as a Grid Plan Layout.

Parthenon, Athens is a former temple on the Athenians Acropolis, Greece dedicated to the godess Athena. The current temple is actually a replacement temple of an older temple of Athena that was destroyed by the Persian in 480 BC. These types of temples were built on high ground or hills to show status and hierarchy.

The Agora, Athens, this is one of the most important places in Athens. This is where the marketplace, courthouse, where persons would come together to discuss politics, business and sell goods.

Pathenon, Rome, this is one of the first structures where the romans began to understand the constructions of domes and arch for their buildings and temples. The buildings were usually a circular dome with a colonnade of large granite Corinthian columns under a pediment. The rectangular vestibule links the porch to the rotunda which is under the dome with a oculus, which is a opening in the roof which allows the light to come into the building.

The Hagia Sophia, Istanbul, is one of the greatest achievements of Byzantine architecture which incorporates the design and constructions of domes into their buildings. This structure was designed and built by the architects , Tralles and Isidores of Miletus. This is an architecture of the Byzantine Empire where it got its name but was picked up by the Eastern Roman Empire. This form of architecture is famous for its distinctive use of domes sitting on a square base.



  • Morris Hicky Morgan, (1960), “Vitruvius: The Ten Books Of Architecture”, Dover Publications Inc, New York.
  • Richard Krautheimer, (1986), “Early Christian and Byzantine Architecture”, Penguin Books ltd, World Print Ltd, China.
  • Henri Stierlin, (1997), “Tashcen’s World Architecture: Greece from Mycenae to the Pathenon”, Taschen, Germany.
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