The City of Bath

The city of bath, located in the south west of England in Somerset county, was founded by the romans in the 1st century ad. It was used for in its natural hot springs as the thermal spa. In the middle ages in became a central hub for the wool industry. But later, under the reign of George i, ii, iii it was developed as an exquisite spa city designed to be a place of repose. Famed for it literature, art and history despite its roman origins, the architectural style of the city is largely Georgian built from bath limestone, giving the city a prominent character. Now the city holds the title of world heritage site giving in 1987 by unesco recognise its international cultural significant. Currently the city is a popular tourist attraction celebrating english history.

The city of Bath founded in the 1st century AD by the Romans who used the natural hot springs as a thermal spa.

The Neo-classical style of the public buildings such as the Assembly Rooms and the Pump Room) harmonises with the grandiose proportions of the monumental ensembles (such as Queen Square, Circus and Royal Crescent) and collectively reflects the ambitions, particularly social, of the spa city in the 18th century.

Bath may have been the site of the Battle of Badon in which King Arthur is said to have defeated the Anglo-Saxons. The town was captured by the West Saxons in 577 after the Battle of Deorham

 Founded in the 7th century, Bath Abbey was reorganised in the 10th century and rebuilt in the 12th and 16th centuries;

Bath’s grandiose Neo-classical Palladian crescents, terraces and squares spread out over the surrounding hills and set in its green valley, are a demonstration par excellence of the integration of architecture

Bath shows the 18th century move away from the inward-looking uniform street layouts of Renaissance cities that dominated through the 15th–17th centuries, towards the idea of planting buildings and cities in the landscape to achieve picturesque views and forms, which could be seen echoed around Europe particularly in the 19th century

 The 18th century re-development is a unique combination of outstanding urban architecture, spatial arrangement and social history. Bath demonstrates the main themes of the 18th century neoclassical city

In the early 18th century, Bath acquired its first purpose-built theatre, the Old Orchard Street Theatre. It was rebuilt as the Theatre Royal, along with the Grand Pump Roomattached to the Roman Baths and assembly roomsMaster of ceremonies Beau Nash, who presided over the city’s social life from 1705 until his death in 1761, drew up a code of behaviour for public entertainments

 The 18th century re-development is a unique combination of outstanding urban architecture, spatial arrangement and social history. Bath exemplifies the main themes of the 18th century neoclassical city

The population of the city was 40,020 at the 1801 census, making it one of the largest cities in Britain

During World War II, between the evening of 25 April and the early morning of 27 April 1942, Bath suffered three air raids in reprisal for RAF raids on the German cities of Lübeck and Rostock, part of the Luftwaffe campaign popularly known as the Baedeker Blitz.  During the Bath Blitz, more than 400 people were killed, and more than 19,000 buildings damaged or destroyed.[53] Houses in the Royal CrescentCircus and Paragon were burnt out along with the Assembly Rooms.

A postwar review of inadequate housing led to the clearance and redevelopment of areas of the city in a postwar style, often at variance with the local Georgian style.

In 1987 the city was selected by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site, recognising its international cultural significance

Since 2000, major developments have included the Thermae Bath Spa, the SouthGateshopping centre, the residential Western Riverside project on the Stothert & Pitt factory site, and the riverside Bath Quays office and business development

 

Today bath is still portrayed a city designed for repose and relaxation. Despite the inhabitation of the original bath spa the city has made exceptions for a few modern buildings the add to the reputation of the city such as the thermal bath spa which is still heated by Britain’s only natural hot spring that can be bathed in. 

This world heritage site takes pride it limestone georgian architecture by going to great lengths to preserve its original façades such as the royal crescent and the majestic circus as well as modern buildings being finished in a similar style demonstrated by the newly developed southgate shopping centre. 

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