Villa Savoye

Villa Savoye

When looking at Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye and understanding its structure, it is seen to be based on a grid pattern. The Design of the structure is based on a grid using the structural members for support. This Structure design remains the same from level 0 to level 1 with the exception of more exposed members on level 0.

Villa Savoye Floor Plans, Ground, First, Second (from left)

At level 0, the structure are more exposed because a enclosing space is not used for the entire floor of level 0. The main purpose of the exposed members os for the support of level 1. This means that the entire grid layout for the Villa Savoye is based on the needs of level 1.

The Architect

Le Corbusier

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret also known as Le Corbusier was a Swiss-French Architect, designer, painter, urban planner and one of the pioneers of modern architecture.

Le Corbusier can said to be one that really tried to reinvent the way buildings are designed and constructed. Arguably his architecture was one that was a response to what the world offers. He was a man that was very creative in the way he approached design as he was a painter, and example of this is seen in buildings such as Villa Savoye, Notre Dame du Has and Church of Saint-Pierre.

Church of Saint Pierre-Apotre, Le Corbusier 1970
Notre Dame du Haut, 1955, Le Corbusier

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

From these buildings, there is a form of abstract within their shape and design. It is clear to see that from these buildings that there was an appreciation that Le Corbusier had for primary forms as well as abstractness which gives mass individuality.

Primary Forms

But also when looking at Villa Savoye, there is less of an abstraction in terms of shape but more of a simplistic design with lack of geometrical constrictions. This is where the term “regulating lines”became a major part of design in some of his designs. The architectural composition which was governed by geometry was one that was embraced by Le Corbusier which is seen in the design of Villa Savoye.

Villa Savoye Regulating Lines (Golden Ratio)
Regulating Lines

 

 

 

 

 

All of which forms a basis that he believed all architects should adhere to and consider mass, surface and plan.

The villa design was inspired by greek temple, The Parthenon, but with a more modern approach as Le Corbusier was a designer that believed new architecture should have a connection to the past to be able to create something truly different.

The Parthenon

Arguably, from his earlier and current works, there is an evolution in his design. It is safe to say that from the use of precedents and representation within earlier works, this helped him in developing his own style.

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